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Time:2009-10-10 07:40:49  Source:  Author:

110 Police Emergency Service

 Dial 110 promptly if witnessing criminal and/or security matters, especially those which may cause danger to public safety and personal property, or which may disrupt normal public work, study and living.

Tips:
If witnessing such criminal activity as fighting, theft, robbery, rape and murder, dial 110 immediately. If it is impossible to dial 110 immediately, dial it immediately after the criminal suspects have been brought under control, apprehended or you have escaped from the danger involved.

Dial 110 in such cases as drowning, falling from heights, suicide; the loss of the elderly, children or mental patients; if the public are in danger or at risk; or public utilities such as water, electricity, gas or heat are threatened or in danger.

Suggestions:
Dialing 110 is free of charge. You can dial it from any local landline or mobile. If you are calling from another city, you should add the city code in front of 110 when dialling.

When calling 110, you should inform the operator of the time and location of the case being reported, your name and your contact details. If you cannot identify the location, please provide names of distinct surrounding buildings, such as a large concourse, bus station or institution

After reporting, do not disturb the crime scene as this will hinder the police investigation.

Minors should protect themselves from criminals and not confront them directly but call for adult help.

120 Medical Emergency Service 

120 is the telephone number of the medical emergency service center.

Tips:

When calling 120, you should provide information about the location, age, gender and medical cindition of the patient. If you cannot identify the location, please indicate the general position, such as in which street, which direction, nearby buildings etc.

Do your best to specify the symptoms of the patient, such as chest pain, coma, bleeding, vomiting, and any breathing difficulties.

Do your utmost to specify the time and type of the patient's illness or injury. If it is an accidental injury, you should inform the operator of the cause, such as electric shock, explosion, landslide, drowning, fire, poisoning and traffic accident. Inform the operator of the injured's location and the situation of the patient.

Tell the operator your particular needs, and ask for the approximate time of the ambulance's arrival.

Suggestions:
Dialing 120 is free of charge. You can dial it from any local landline or mobile. If you are in another city, you should add the city code in front of 120 when dialing.
If you know the patient's medical history, please provide it to the first-aid personnel for reference when calling the emergency services.
 

119 Fire Emergency Service

119 is the telephone number of the fire emergency service center.

Tips:
When calling 119, you should inform the operator of the direction of the fire. If you cannot identify the location, please provide names of distinct surrounding buildings, such as a large concourse, bus station or institution.

State clearly the condition of the fire and its location, the material on fire, the size of the fire and whether anybody is trapped and at risk from burning; at the same time send people to wait for the fire engines at major junctions to direct them to the scene.

Try to extinguish the fire before the fire engines arrive at the scene, so as to avoid the fire spreading. Take great care when fighting the fire.

Suggestions:
Dialing 119 is free of charge. You can dial it from any local landline or mobile. If you are in another city, you should add the city code in front of 120 when dialing. 119 is also the emergency number for other rescue work involving disasters or accidents, including dangerous chemical leakage, floods, typhoons, earthquakes and other natural disasters; air crashes and major incidents; building collapse; terrorist attacks and other unexpected incidents; or when the general public is threatened or at risk in some way.

Methods of using fire extinguishers:  portable dry powder fire extinguisher is suitable for fighting fires of oil, combustible gas and electrical equipment. When using it, break the security tag first, and then use one hand to hold the nozzle and aim at the source of fire, and another hand to pull the ring. Portable foam fire extinguishers are suitable for fighting small oil fires, and other general fires. When using it, hold the fire extinguisher and lift it to face the scene stably and quickly. When extinguishing the fire, hold the tube body, point the nozzle at the fire, shake it several times. Portable carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are suitable for fighting fires involving precision instruments, electronic equipment and appliances below 600 volts. When using it, hold the handle of the spray-duct in one hand, break the lead seal with another hand, rotate the hand wheel in a counterclockwise direction, open the switch and carbon dioxide gas will be emitted.

112 Traffic Accident Emergency Service

112 is the telephone number of the traffic accident emergency service center.

Tips:
When calling 112, you should inform the operator of the time and location of the accident being reported, and the injury to people and damage to vehicles.

If both parties to the accident think they can resolve the matter by themselves, they should move the vehicles off the road so as not to disrupt the traffic and resolve the problem.  In other situations, if the accident scene needs to be investigated, you must mark the accident location, and move the vehicle off the road while waiting for the traffic police to arrive.

If a vehicle fails to stop after being involved in an accident, please remember its license plate number. If you cannot see the number, please remember the main features of the vehicle such as model make and color.

When traffic accidents involve casualties, please call 120 (traffic accident emergency service) immediately; do not disturb the scene intact and do not move the injured people.

Suggestions:
Dialing 120 is free of charge. You can dial it from any local landline or mobile. If you are calling from another city, you should add the city code in front of 120 when dialing.

The best way to handle traffic accidents is to inform the traffic police. Before their arrival at the scene, do not disturb it.

Flood

 A flood is a natural phenomenon of overflowing and rising of the water level caused by rainstorm or reservoir dam-break.

Tips:
Stay calm and escape immediately. Human beings should be evacuated prior to property.  Children, the elderly and people with disabilities should be evacuated prior to other persons. Do not miss the possibility of being rescued because of having any ideas about saving property.

When besieged by flood, use communication tools for rescue; if no communication tools can be found, try to find other ways to seek help by giving emergency signs, such as making fires, waving bright clothing back and forth, or yelling for help; sent SOS signals constantly; look for large floating objects on which to take self-help measures.

Move to the top of roofs, trees, high walls or other high spots if the flood is too sudden for evacuation and try to send an SOS signal. Transfer to safer areas using floating objects such as boats, boards, or wooden beds when conditions permit.

Stay away from fallen high-voltage power cables, fallen or broken power lines, to avoid electric shock.

Immediately remove mud, sputum and blood from the mouth, nose and throat of the injured, and eliminate water from the body of the injured to avoid choking by water, remove the injured to a place of safety to avoid mud-rock flow or house collapse. Anyone unconscious should be lain flat, the head hypsokinesis, and the tongue pulled out; keep the respiratory tract as clear as possible; if there is trauma, try to stop bleeding by bandaging and using tourniquets, and then transfer the injured to hospital.

Suggestions:
Build houses on flat ground and avoid unstable slopes and highlands; keep away from the river shoal, valleys and other low-lying areas.

Prohibit acts of destruction of the natural environment such as wanton felling of trees, disordered mining and deforested-land reclamation.

Epidemics often follow such disasters, so positive action to prevent and control disease must be taken; personal hygiene must be given priority along with the safe disposal of feces, pesticides and rat poison; pay special attention to food and drinking water.

Hot Weather

 Hot weather warning signs are classified into two levels, respectively represented by two colors: orange and red.

 

Orange warning sign:

The temperature will be higher than 37°C within 24 hours.

Suggestions:
Avoid outdoor activities during peak temperatures in the afternoon. Help the old, the weak, the sick and the young, and take necessary heat prevention measures.

Prevent fires by high electricity consumption, or the heavy burden of transformers and other electrical equipment.

People working outdoors in high temperatures should adopt prevention measures.
Keep a balanced working schedule to allow enough rest, prepare commonly used medicine against heatstroke.
Encourage the dissemination of knowledge about heat control measures.

 

Red warning sign:

The temperature will be higher than 40°C within 24 hours.

Suggestions:
Pay attention to heat control measures, and reduce daily activity.
Pay particular attention to fire prevention.
Stop open-air activity.
Look out for the orange warning sign for other references.

Heavy Fog 

Heavy fog warning signs are classified into three levels, respectively represented by three colors: yellow, orange and red.

 

Yellow warning sign:
Within 12 hours heavy fog with visibility less than 500 m may come, or fog with visibility of less than 500 m, more than or equal to 200 m has come, and it may last.

Suggestions:
Drivers should be aware of the hazards of heavy fog, and drive carefully.
Airports, highways and ferries should pay attention to the traffic conditions.

 

Orange warning sign:
Within 6 hours heavy fog with visibility less than 200m may come, or fog with visibility of less than 200m, more than or equal to 50m has come, and it may last.

Suggestions:
Heavy fog reduces the air quality so residents should take proper precautionary measures.
Due to low visibility, drivers should control their speed and turn on fog lights to ensure safety.
Airports, highways and ferries should take proper measures to ensure traffic safety.

 

Red warning sign:
Within 2 hours heavy fog with visibility of less than 50m may come, or fog with visibility of less than 50m has come, and it may continue.

Suggestions:
Airports affected by heavy fog should suspend all flight activity; highways and ferries should temporarily close and suspend all activity.
Take effective measures to ensure traffic safety.

Road Accident 

Railway accident refers to train accidents caused by derailment, collision, explosion or fire, resulting in injury to humans and damage to property.

Tips:
When derailment, fire or explosion occurs on a train, passengers should stay calm, follow the instructions of the security staff to evacuate orderly and take initiatives in assisting rescue operations.

When the train begins to wobble violently and is likely to derail, you should firmly  hold fixed objects such as tables, chairs, rails, or bars beside or near you. Do not move along the aisles. Take care of the old, children, the sick and pregnant women. Protect your head and other vital parts of your body.

 When the train derails, you may break the train window with the emergency hammer to escape.

 When a fire breaks out, passengers close to the fire should adopt emergency measures to put out the fire. Other passengers should cover their mouths and noses with wet towels and evacuate in an orderly manner.

 When the accident happens in an area where there are electric power cables, pay attention to the power lines overhead while escaping through the train windows.

When the accident happens on a railway bridge, be careful when jumping out of the train.

 When the accident happens in an area with double railway tracks, you should jump off the train from the left to avoid the oncoming train on the other railway track.

Passengers who have already escaped from the train should move away to a safe area to avoid secondary injuries.

 Suggestions:
When it is urgent, do not try to save your property at the risk of your life.

 Do not jump off the train until it has completely stopped to prevent unnecessary injuries.

 Do not adopt measures that would put others in danger when escaping.

 Medical professionals or passengers who are knowledgeable in medical treatment should voluntarily assist in providing first aid to the injured.

Railway Accident

 Railway accident refers to train accidents caused by derailment, collision, explosion or fire, resulting in injury to humans and damage to property.
 
Tips:
1.When derailment, fire or explosion occurs on a train, passengers should stay calm, follow the instructions of the security staff to evacuate orderly and take initiatives in assisting rescue operations.

2.When the train begins to wobble violently and is likely to derail, you should firmly  hold fixed objects such as tables, chairs, rails, or bars beside or near you. Do not move along the aisles. Take care of the old, children, the sick and pregnant women. Protect your head and other vital parts of your body.

 3.When the train derails, you may break the train window with the emergency hammer to escape.

4.When a fire breaks out, passengers close to the fire should adopt emergency measures to put out the fire. Other passengers should cover their mouths and noses with wet towels and evacuate in an orderly manner.

 5.When the accident happens in an area where there are electric power cables, pay attention to the power lines overhead while escaping through the train windows.

6.When the accident happens on a railway bridge, be careful when jumping out of the train. When the accident happens in an area with double railway tracks, you should jump off the train from the left to avoid the oncoming train on the other railway track.

7.Passengers who have already escaped from the train should move away to a safe area to avoid secondary injuries.
 
Suggestions:
1.When it is urgent, do not try to save your property at the risk of your life.

2.Do not jump off the train until it has completely stopped to prevent unnecessary injuries.

3.Do not adopt measures that would put others in danger when escaping.

 4.Medical professionals or passengers who are knowledgeable in medical treatment should voluntarily assist in providing first aid to the injured.

For more tips of emergency control for natural disasters, please visit 

 http://www.enghunan.gov.cn/Goverment/publicSafety/#

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